Discovering Greenland: 28 Fascinating Facts about the Arctic Gem


11European Union

European Union

In 1982, the people of Greenland voted to leave the European Union which they did in 1985 and are still today not part of it.



Greenland, Ireland, New Zealand, and Iceland have one thing in common. None of them have a snake population.

131942 Greenland winter

1942 Greenland winter

In the winter of 1942 in Greenland, a plane crash-landed due to bad weather. In subsequent rescue efforts, 6 planes crashed, and survivors of the crashes spent up to 5.5 months taking shelter on a glacier waiting for help.



When all the ice on Greenland melts, the local sea level will actually drop because of the reduction in local gravity that was originally created by the sheer mass of the ice.

15Qinngua Valley

Qinngua Valley

The Qinngua Valley (Paradise Valley) in Greenland may have the mildest climate on the island. It is home to the island’s only true forest and over 300 species of plants. It also has an abandoned Viking farm that may be Brattahlid, an estate founded by Eric the Red whose son Leif Erikson set foot on North America approximately half a millennium before Christopher Columbus.



There is an Inuit tribe in Greenland who pack up to 500 birds in a hollowed-out seal body, bury it, let them ferment for seven months, and then eat (Kiviak) them during the harsh winters.

17Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups

During the 12th century, Greenland was populated by three distinct ethnic groups. They were the Inuit, the Dorset people, and the Norse Greenlanders. By the end of the 15th century, only the Inuit were still there.



Ivittuut and Kangilinnguit are the only two cities in Greenland connected through a road.

19Infrasound station IS18

Infrasound station IS18

Infrasound station IS18 located in Qaanaaq, Greenland is a highly specialized sensor array used to detect atomic blasts, earthquakes, and monitor the human heart in ballistocardiography.



Nuuk in Greenland is the world’s northernmost capital, located only a few kilometers further north than the Icelandic capital Reykjavik.